Posts Tagged ‘Old Testament’

Welcome.  Let’s continue to establish who wrote the books of the bible.  I know this is redundant but I think it is
important to establish bible accuracy.

According to Jewish tradition, the book of Judges was written by Samuel.  Several scriptures state “in those
days there was no king.”  This tells us Judges was written after the time of Moses and Joshua and before the first
King Saul.  In 1Samuel 16, the Prophet Samuel anoints Saul as the first King of Israel.

Although the book of Job was about Job, he was not the author.  The author of Job was probably an Israelite, 
since he frequently uses the word Yahweh for God.  We don’t know who the Israelite was, but it had to be
divinely revealed to him.  He received information only God could know.  For example, the conversation between
God and Satan concerning Job.

Proverbs was written by a group of wise men or scribes.

Several scriptures suggest that Ecclesiastes was written by King Solomon.  It was written in the first person,
using “I”.  Ecclesiastes 1:1  The words of the Teacher, son of David, King in Jerusalem.  Ecclesiastes 1:12  I, the
teacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Isaiah himself was thought to have written Isaiah.  He is often thought of as the greatest of the writing
prophets.

Daniel was written by Daniel himself.

The book of Jonah (and the whale) is traditionally thought to have been written by Jonah.

Jeremiah was written by Jeremiah.  Jeremiah 36:2  “Take a scroll and write on it all the words I have spoken
to you concerning Israel, Judah and the other nations.

Most of the books of the Old Testament were written by the prophets.  Next week we will read who wrote the
New Testament.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

 

 

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CONCLUSION 1:  Let’s review our study of the Old Testament and how the Israelite nation came into existence.

Adam and Eve were the first people to live on earth.  In Hebrew, Adam means “to be red.”  This may refer to
the ruddy color of his skin.  In Hebrew, Eve means “source of life.”  She was the mother of all the living.

Adam and Eve had two sons.  Cain committed the first murder by killing his brother Abel.  Adam and Eve had
another son to replace Abel.  They named him Seth.  The descendants of Seth followed the Lord.  The
descendants of Cain did not follow the Lord.

The sons and daughters of Adam and Eve and their descendants joined together and had sex to
populate the earth.  Technically, this was considered incest.  In Genesis, this was allowed because human
genetics were far more free of defects.  Sin wasn’t as prevalent yet.  The chance of birth defects was far less likely.
Fore more detailed information on incest, please read Old Testament 3 – 4.

Following Seth’s lineage leads us to Noah.

Noah was instructed to build an Ark.  Because of mans sin, God destroyed the earth and all of the people.
Only Noah’s family and the animals on the Ark and the animals in the sea survived.

After the flood, Noah’s children and their descendants joined together and had sex to repopulate the
earth.

Next week we will continue our review with CONCLUSION 2.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

 

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Welcome and thanks for reading.

We will study the rest of the Old Testament at a faster pace.  Many prominent people and stories will not be studied.
I just want to give you a general knowledge of Israel up until the time of Christ.

The Israelites are now established in the promised land.

Saul has become the first King of Israel.

1 Samuel 9:2  He (Benjamite) had a son named Saul, an impressive young man without equal among the
Israelites- a head taller than any other.

1 Samuel 11:15  So all the people went to Gilgal and confirmed Saul as King in the presence of the Lord.

Saul was instructed to conquer the Amalekites and all their cattle, sheep, camels and donkeys.  Saul did destroy
the Amalekites except for their king Agag.  He did not kill the best of their cattle, sheep, camels and donkeys as
God had commanded.  Because of his disobedience, God stripped Saul of his position as the king of
Israel.

Next week, God chooses a second king to lead Israel.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

 

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Numbers 10:11  On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year, the cloud lifted from above the
Tabernacle of the Testimony.

Numbers 10:12  Then the Israelites set out from the Desert of Sinai and traveled from place to place until
the cloud came to rest in the Desert of Panan.

As the following scripture suggests, the tabernacle was mobile.

Numbers 10:17  Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and Merarites who carried it, set out.

Numbers 10:29  Now Moses said to Habab son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses’ father-in-law, “We are setting out
for the place about which the Lord said, ‘I will give you.”

Numbers 10:33  So they set out from the mountain of the Lord and traveled for 3 days.

The Israelites reached the land of Canaan.

Numbers 13:2  Send some men to explore the Land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites.  From each an-
cestral tribe (12 tribes of Israel) send one of the leaders.

When the men returned, they reported to Moses, Aaron and the entire Israelite community.

Numbers 13:27  “We went into the land which you sent us, and it does flow with milk and honey!”  Here is its fruit.
But the people who live there are powerful, and the cities are fortified and very large.”

They were scared to attack the people of Canaan (who did not know the Lord) and take the pro-
mised land.

That night all the people of the community raised their voices and wept aloud.  All the Israelites grumbled and
wanted to go back to Egypt.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

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Continuing from last week, Israel had 12 sons including Joseph.  Israel loved Joseph more than his other sons.

When the eleven brothers realized that their father (Israel) loved Joseph more than any of them, they hated him
and could not speak a kind word to him.

One day, Joseph had a dream and he told it to his brothers.

Genesis 37:8  His brothers said to him, “Do you intend to reign over us?  Will you actually rule us?”  And they hat-
ed him all the more.

Joseph’s brothers were so jealous that they plotted to kill him.  In the desert, they stripped Joseph of his robe
and threw him into a cistern (large pot for water).  They sold him to a caravan of Ishmaelites (Midianites), who
took him to Egypt.

The brothers slaughtered a goat and dipped Joseph’s robe in the blood.  They gave the robe to their father, lead-
ing him to believe that Joseph is dead.

Genesis 37:36  Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain
of the guard.

Years later, the Pharaoh of Egypt had several dreams.  No one could interpret his dreams.  Not the magicians
nor the wise men of Egypt could interpret his dreams.

The Pharaoh of Egypt sent for Joseph.

Next week, how Joseph gained favor with the Pharaoh that eventually led to the 12 tribes of Israel.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

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Let’s continue with the Old Testament ancestry.

Abraham was 100 and Sarah was 90 years old when they gave birth to a child named Isaac.

Isaac married Rebekah.  They gave birth to Esau and Jacob.  God renamed Jacob to Israel.

Genesis 35:9  After Jacob returned from Padden Aram, God appeared to him again and blessed him.  God said to
him, “Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob;  your name will be Israel.  So he named him
Israel.

Israel had 12 sons.  These 12 sons are the origins of the 12 tribes of Israel.  One of his sons was named
Joseph who Israel loved more than his others sons.

Genesis 37:3  Now Israel loved Joseph more than any of his other sons, because he had been born to him in his
old age;  and he made a richly ornamented robe for him.

Next week we will continue with Joseph and his eleven brothers.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

 

 

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Let’s expand on the counseling or communicating side of the Holy Spirit.

Before Jesus died on the cross, the Holy Spirit communicated only with the prophets and the high priest.  In the
Old Testament, the tabernacle contained a room called the Most Holy Place.  In this room, the high priests 
heard from the Holy Spirit on behalf of all the Israelite believers.

Hebrews 5: 1  “For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relationship
to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sin.

For more information on the Most Holy Place, please see “Point of Salvation” pages 7 – 10 in the category column
to the left.

After Jesus died on the cross, the curtain leading into the Most Holy Place was torn in two.

Luke 23:45 for the sun stopped shining.  And the curtain of the temple was torn in two.

This symbolized that the high priests are no longer the only ones that can seek counsel and communicate with the
Holy Spirit.  Jesus is now the High Priest and all believers can seek counsel and communicate with the
Holy Spirit “the Counselor.”

The access to the communicating side of the Holy Spirit is how faith spread beyond the nation of Israel to every
nation in the world.  Therefore, Abraham was the father of faith.  He was the father of many nations.

Genesis 15:15  He (God) took him (Abraham) outside and said, “Look up at the heavens and count the stars-
if indeed you can count them.  Then he said to him, so shall your offspring be.

Next week, continuing from Abraham to Joseph.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff