Last week we read about three books of the Old Testament, Isaiah, Psalms and Deuteronomy.  From the time of
the actual events in these books to the earliest textual evidence, Dead Sea Scrolls, was 500 to 1400 years.

Genesis, the first book of the bible and also mentioned in the Dead Sea Scrolls, was closer to 4000
years.

Malachi, the last book of the Old Testament and also mentioned in the Dead Sea Scrolls, was closer
to 0 years.

The Dead Sea Scrolls were scribed around 300 BC to 70 AD and does not mention Jesus or his ministry.  There-
fore, the Dead Sea Scrolls were most likely written at the end of the Old Testament to the beginning
of the New Testament.

A final note:  The Dead Sea Scrolls contain many fragments that are identical to the traditional text
found in the Hebrew Bible used today.

Thank you so much for studying.  God bless.

Jeff

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Bible Accuracy 9

Posted: October 19, 2017 in Bible Accuracy

As we read last week, the Old Testament was copied over and over by scribes.  The earliest textual evidence we
have of the Old Testament is the Dead Sea Scrolls, written between 300 BC to 70 AD.

Let’s review three books of the Old Testament; Isaiah, Psalms and Deuteronomy.  What is the differ-
ence between the actual events of these three books and the time of the Dead Sea Scrolls?

Isaiah took place around 740 BC to 686 BC.  The Dead Sea Scrolls were written between 300 BC to 70 AD, a dif-
ference of about 400 to 800 years.

Psalms (during King David’s life) took place around 1400 BC to 580 BC.  The Dead Sea Scrolls were written be-
tween 300 BC and 70 AD, a difference of about 300 to 1400 years.

Deuteronomy took place around 1400 BC.  The Dead Sea Scrolls were written between 300 BC to 70 AD, a dif-
ference of about 1100 to 1400 years.

Let’s compare the secular historic text from Bible Accuracy 7.  The difference between the actual
events to the earliest textual evidence is about 500 to 1500 years.

In comparison, the biblical historic text of Isaiah, Psalms, and Deuteronomy.  The difference between
the actual events to the earliest textual evidence of the Dead Sea Scrolls is 500 to 1400 years.

The secular text time difference and the biblical text time difference is about the same, 500 to 1500 years.  There-
fore, if we consider the secular historic text to be accurate, we must consider the biblical historic
text to be accurate.

Thank you so much for studying.  God bless.

Jeff

 

 

Last week we read that five historic manuscripts were copied over and over by scribes.  The earliest textual evi-
dence we have are 500 to 1500 years after the actual events.

Let’s compare this to the earliest biblical textual evidence that has been discovered, the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Before we do that, what are the Dead Sea Scrolls?  In 1947, Bedonin teenagers were tending their goats and
sheep near the ancient settlement of Qumran located at the Northwest shore of the Dead Sea (lowest place on
earth).  They found a collection of large clay jars that contained the scrolls.  About 85% to 90% of the scrolls
were written on parchment made of processed animal skins known as vellum.  Most were goats and gazelle skins.

The Scrolls include fragments from every book in the Old Testament except Esther.  Some fragments
describe the first three days of creation from Genesis.  Some fragments describe the Ten Commandments.  The
book of Psalms is one of the best preserved biblical scrolls that contain 48 Psalms.

It is widely believed the Dead Sea Scrolls were written by the Essenes, a religious community of Jews.
The Essenes flourished for several hundred years from about 300BC to 70AD, possibly fleeing when the
Romans seized Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple.  The Essenes devoted their lives to writing and preserving
sacred text.

Next week we will compare the five historic manuscripts against the Dead Sea Scrolls.  How long after the original
events were the Dead Sea Scrolls written.

Thank you so much for studying.  God bless.

Jeff

So far we have read that most of the books of the bible were written by the Prophets and Apostles.  They actually
lived through the events that were written.  But many have correctly determined that there are no original
manuscripts from the time of the events.  Are we sure they are accurate?

The same thing can be said about many of our secular history manuscripts.  Let’s review:

Iliad by Homer was about the Trojan War in the 13 century BC.  There are no original manuscripts.  They were
copied over and over by scribes until the earliest textual evidence is from about 750BC, some 500 years
later.

Caesar’s Gallic Wars was written around 58-49 BC.  There are no original manuscripts.  They were copied over
and over by scribes until the earliest textual evidence is from 900 years later.

Aristotle’s Poetics was written in the 4th century BC.  There are no original manuscripts.  They were copied over
and over by scribes until the earliest textual evidence is from 1400 years later.

Histories by Herodotus was about the Greco-Persian Wars.  The wars lasted from 499 BC to 449 BC.  There are
no original manuscripts.  They were copied over and over by scribes until the earliest textual evidence is from
900 AD, some 1350 years later.

Tacitus Annals was about the history of the Roman Empire from the reign of Tiberious to Nero, 14 AD to 68 AD.
There are no original manuscripts.  They were copied over and over by scribes until the earliest textual evi-
dense is from 1515, some 1500 years later.

Next week we will compare the earliest textual evidence of the bible to the above historic manuscripts.

Thank you so much for studying.  God bless.

Jeff

 

 

This week let’s finish reading who wrote the New Testament.

The book of James was written by James.  James 1:1  James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ.

1Peter was written by Peter.  1Peter 1:1  Peter, an Apostle of Jesus to God’s elect, …  1Peter 5:1  To the elders
among you, I appeal as a fellow elder, a witness of Christ’s suffering …

2 Peter was written by Peter.  2 Peter 1:1  Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ.  It is also written
in the first person “I”.  For example, 2 Peter 1:12  So will always remind you …  2Peter 2:13  I think it is right to
refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body.

Both books of John were written by the Apostle John, who walked with Jesus.

Jude was written by Jude.  Jude 1:1  Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and a brother of James.

Revelation was written by John while he was sentenced to the island of Patmos by the Romans.
Revelation 1:1  He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John,  who testifies to everything he saw-
Revelation 1:4  John, to the seven churches in the province of Asia.  Revelation 1:10  On the Lord’s Day I was in
the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet, which said:  “write on a scroll what you see and send
it to the seven churches.

In all, there are 66 books of the bible that were written by 40 authors.  Most of them were Prophets and Apostles.
Most of them lived through the events that they were writing.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

 

 

Welcome to the new readers.

Let’s continue to read who wrote the New Testament.  What single author wrote most of the
New Testament (after Jesus birth)?

Romans was written by the Apostle Paul.  Reading Romans 15:26 it is suggested that Paul had received con-
tributions from the churches of Macedonia and Achalia, so he either was in the city of Corinth or had just been
there.

1 Corinthians was written by Paul.  1 Corinthians 16:21  I, Paul, write this greeting in my own hand.

Galatians was written by Paul.

Philippians was written by Paul while he was in prison.  Philippians 1:13  As a result, it has become clear
throughout the palace guard and to everyone else that I am in chains for Christ.

Colossians was also written by Paul while he was in prison.  Colossians 1:1  Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by
the will of God …

1 Thessalonians was written by Paul.  1 Thessalonians 2:18  For we wanted to come to you- certainly I, Paul,
did, again and again-

1 Timothy, Titus, Phlemon 1, and Hebrews was written by Paul.  

In all, Paul wrote 14 books of the New Testament.  More than any other author.

Just a little background.  Paul, originally named Saul, was a Roman citizen.  He would imprison Christians and per-
secute them and even have them put to death.  One day, Saul was nearing Damascus to search for Christians.  He
was stopped by a bright light that surrounded him.  He fell to his knees as he heard the voice of Christ say “Saul,
Saul, why do you persecute me.”  Because of this encounter, Saul entered Damascus and tells of his conversion.
After this he traveled the northern and eastern sides of the Mediterranean Sea spreading the news about Christ.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff

 

 

The Old Testament was written mostly by the prophets.  Continuing, who wrote the books of the
New Testament (after the birth of Jesus).

Mathew was written by Mathew, one of the twelve apostles.  He traveled and walked with Jesus.  He was an
eyewitness to the life of Jesus.

Mark was written by Mark, also one of the twelve apostles.  He also traveled and walked with Jesus.  He also
was an eyewitness to the life of Jesus.

Luke was written by Luke.

John was written by John.  John 21:24  “This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them
down.  We know that his testimony is true.”

Luke was written by Luke.  Luke 1:3  “Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the
beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you.”

So far, it appears most of the New Testament was written by the original twelve apostles that travel-
ed and walked with Jesus.

Next, what single author wrote most of the New Testament.

Thank you so much for reading.  God bless.

Jeff